Since then, the Church has ordained bishops, priests, and deacons to provide pastoral care for the Church.
Because these clergy come from a continuous line that traces back to the Apostle Mark, the Coptic Church has received the title ‘apostolic.’ To illustrate this point, His Holiness Pope Shenouda III, the current leader of the Coptic Orthodox Church, is the 117 patriarch successor of Saint Mark.
These sources include: CHRISTIANITY IN EGYPT In the Holy Bible, the Gospel according to Saint Matthew tells the story of the Holy Family’s flight to Egypt.
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‘COPTIC’ The word ‘Coptic’ traces its roots to the age of the Pharaohs. Over time, the words ‘Coptic’ and ‘Christian’ have also become interchangeable.
Coptic Christians are considered the descendants of the ancient Egyptians.
In fact, the Coptic alphabet is comprised of the twenty-four letters of the Greek alphabet and seven uniquely Coptic letters.
‘ORTHODOX’ The word ‘orthodox’ literally means ‘straight opinion.’ The Orthodox Church has kept her same Christian faith and teachings since the time of Jesus Christ and His followers, the apostles.
While many of its students became popes, bishops, and priests, other teachers like Saint Clement of Alexandria and Scholar Origen produced works that are still read by Christians today.
The School of Alexandria also brought many to the Christian faith.Since then, monasteries and churches have been established all over Egypt in places where the Holy Family visited or stayed.This visit fulfilled the prophecies of the Old Testament about the Lord’s visit to Egypt: “In that day, there will be an altar to the Lord in the midst of the country of Egypt and a pillar to the Lord at its border” (Isaiah ), and “Out of Egypt I called My son” (Hosea 11:1).Its library contained between 200,000 and 500,000 books and manuscripts. Its disciplines included theology, the humanities, science, and mathematics.The School of Alexandria gave rise to numerous spiritual leaders, both within Egypt and abroad.Although the Bible is silent about the details of this journey, much has passed on to the Church through oral and written tradition.